Vehicles better equipped to prevent accidents
The advanced systems that will have to be fitted in all new vehicles are: intelligent speed assistance; alcohol interlock installation facilitation; driver drowsiness and attention warning; advanced driver distraction warning; emergency stop signal; reversing detection; and event data recorder (“black box”). The intelligent speed assistance (ISA) system could reduce fatalities on EU roads by 20%, according to estimates.
For passenger cars and light commercial vehicles, it will also be mandatory to have an emergency braking system (already compulsory for lorries and buses), as well as an emergency lane-keeping system.
Most of these technologies and systems are due to become mandatory as from May 2022 for new models and as from May 2024 for existing models.
Trucks and buses safer for cyclists and pedestrians
Direct vision technology should be applied to new models as from November 2025 and for existing models from November 2028.
Improved crash tests and windscreens
The new rules also improve passive safety requirements, including crash tests (front and side), as well as windscreens to mitigate the severity of injuries for pedestrians and cyclists. Type-approval of tyres will also be improved to test worn tyres.
The regulation, approved by Parliament with 578 votes to 30, and 25 abstentions, will now be submitted for approval to the EU Council of Ministers.
In 2018, around 25 100 people died on EU roads and 135 000 were seriously injured, according to preliminary figures published by the Commission.